The urban growth in the united states after the civil war

Tweed, as state senator and holder of various appointive city offices, made patronage and graft common practice. Brick surfacing was a good compromise, but even better was asphalt paving.

As trolley or subway lines extended beyond what used to be the city limits, the first suburbs were created, resulting in residential segregation by income. The tenant farming system had neither the virtues of the plantation system of pre-Civil War days nor of the independent owner system.

Immigrants moved into the poorer sections of the major cities — New York's Lower East Side, for example — and often into neighborhoods abandoned by upwardly mobile immigrant groups. Construction required several major innovations, the elevator, and the steel beam.

why did farmers migrate to cities in the late 1800s

Big-city streets became paths for faster and larger and more dangerous vehicles, the pedestrians beware. Early reform efforts included movements to organize labourers and farmers. The many reform measures passed during Wilson's presidency included the Underwood Tariff Act ofwhich lowered a high tariff that protected American business from foreign competition.

Inthe United Mine Workers struck for better wages and working conditions.

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History of the United States, Industrialization and reform