The political career of maximilien robespierre the symbol of the french reign of terror

The political career of maximilien robespierre the symbol of the french reign of terror

In this sense, the abuse of judicial norms for the purposes of political repression stood at the heart of the Terror. At the same time, the scarcity of food and the rising prices created a revolutionary mood. France saw the return of bourgeois values, corruption and further military failure. Robespierre became the leader of the Committee and, therefore, the most powerful man in France. Armed supporters arrived to aid him, but he refused to lead a new insurrection. He exonerated the mob, and on September 5 the people of Paris elected him to head the delegation to the National Convention. He attacked Lafayette, who had become the commander of the French army and whom he suspected of wanting to set up a military dictatorship, but failed to obtain his dismissal and arrest.

Work in the National Convention The Girondins —who favoured political but not social democracy and who controlled the government and the civil service—accused Robespierre of dictatorship from the first sessions of the National Convention.

Thousands more were beaten to death or died in prison. The intensification of the 'Reign of Terror' and Robespierre's autocracy made him increasingly unpopular. A popular insurrection in August brought down the monarchy and established the Republic, a fledgling entity, which was led by inexperienced men and which faced existential threats from multiple directions.

The new machine was used for the first time in April for the execution of Nicholas Pelletier, a common robber. Steven K.

Thermidorian reaction

In October he was appointed a judge of the Versailles tribunal. While this series of losses was eventually broken, the reality of what might have happened if they persisted hung over France. In March the citizens of Arras chose him as one of their representatives, and the Third Estate the commons of the bailiwick elected him fifth of the eight deputies from Artois. Work in the National Convention The Girondins —who favoured political but not social democracy and who controlled the government and the civil service—accused Robespierre of dictatorship from the first sessions of the National Convention. Some of his colleagues saw his refusal to compromise and his rigid stand against all authority as extreme and impractical. More on the French Revolution: Timeline and Events. The convention abolished the monarchy, declared France a republic and put the king on trial for treason, all measures strongly supported by Robespierre. He defended actors, Jews, and black slaves and supported the reunion of Avignon , formerly a papal possession, with France in September The writings of another Enlightenment thinker of the time, Baron de Montesquieu , greatly influenced Robespierre. Ordinary local authorities, such as municipalities or regional administrations also played a significant role in the repression. In that work, Montesquieu identified terror as a characteristic of despotic regimes, and virtue as the principle of republican regimes.

For some, the Terror was a regrettable yet justified response to the difficult situation of France in the fall of war with an alliance of neighboring European monarchies, counter-revolutionary rebellions in the south and in the west, chronic shortage of supplies. It also examines the practices of political violence during the French Revolution, showing that they were less repressive and more chaotic than they seem.

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In March the citizens of Arras chose him as one of their representatives, and the Third Estate the commons of the bailiwick elected him fifth of the eight deputies from Artois. The Reign of Terror was at an end. Interesting Facts about Maximilien Robespierre Robespierre was shot in the jaw during his arrest. He rapidly became the dominant force on the committee. He was admitted to the Arras Academy in and soon became its chancellor and later its president. Yet the men who led the country out of the Terror had often played a part in it. He describes it as "the love of laws and of our country. On 27 August , these foreign leaders made the Pillnitz Declaration saying they would restore the French monarch if other European rulers joined. On July 27, 9 Thermidor in the Revolutionary calendar , Robespierre and his allies were placed under arrest by the National Assembly.

Yet in a sense, the Jacobins who elaborated the concept of revolutionary terror operated under similar assumptions: Terror was a terrible experience yet French society would emerge the better for it.

On June 2 the decree was passed against 29 of them. The transport of the condemned to the execution site in tumbrels through the streets of the city, the focused attention of the crowds on the conduct of the victims as they walked up to the scaffold — will they buckle down in fear or will they remain composed?

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Maximilien Robespierre