Second congo war essay

drc and rwanda conflict

The situation grinds away at ideals that are hardwired into democratic political culture. You're going to be a warlord. The Rubaya IDPs are no longer at the mercy of ravening armed groups.

What was the second congo war

I ate crushed cassava root boiled in banana leaves, a heavy and sweet paste that's always served with a bag of salty peanuts on the side. The rebellion began with mass defections in March of , and still hasn't ended. The Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly known as Zaire is the second most ethnically diverse nation in the world, only behind India. But it also may be the most obscure -- the most anonymous. Well-trained and heavily armed Rwandan commandos reportedly joined them. By awarding certificates of legality to mineral shipments from the clean mines, Francois's office made it seem as if any regulation was occurring at all, reducing law and order to a sham. In most countries this caused the movement towards liberation to be a violent struggle, often resulting in war, mass murder, and in one instance, genocide. The five-year conflict pitted government forces, supported by Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe, against rebels backed by Uganda and Rwanda. Hundreds of thousands of people have died in DRC because of attitudes like these, suspicions that can quickly morph into violent paranoia and hate. Something that seems to indicate the existence of the rule of law -- the force of the state, the legitimacy of its rules and of the officers who enforce them -- indicates its opposite. Yet the network of problems gripping the easternmost quarter of the DRC -- "war" seems like lazy shorthand in a place with 30 armed groups -- isn't about competing visions of the country's future or about the fate of nations or ideas.

Small incidents have turned explosive. As they advanced further, do we fight in the streets of a city with hundreds of thousands of civilians?

history of drc conflict

Ntaganda's enterprise was unbothered, and five local mines were deemed "clean. A multiple award winning film, War Witch, displayed circumstances young girls have to live through and how those circumstances impact them. Jun 26, The camp for internally displaced persons on April 22, Kabila is almost never seen in public.

But in DRC, safety is a tight cluster of cramped wood-frame tents, a teeming colony rutted with steep, narrow gullies and creeks.

eastern congo conflict

Some of them were armed genocidaires plotting against Rwanda's post-genocide government. The younger Kabila has shown little enthusiasm for even pretending to be in charge of a difficult country of nearly 70 million people.

The downtown was a checkerboard of charred rectangles marked with lonely support beams and piles of stone and ground-up cement.

First congo war death toll

The government wanted to separate the ex-rebels from their local networks on the ground. And when the children are unable to pay their school fees, they go work in the mines as well. After the truce, the Congolese government was mindful of the potentially violent consequences of exerting any sort of real command over the ex-rebels, who were allowed to continue their mafia-like reign over areas they controlled before the peace treaty. War witch was primarily filmed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and was centered on the Congolese civil war in Sub Sahara Africa He had finished a day of sweltering labor in one of Rubaya's coltan mines, whose runoff gives the town's waterways the uncanny appearance of rushing, liquid clay. Most of the countries especially African countries, fell into deep poverty and debt which they could not stand on their feet. The Rubaya IDPs are no longer at the mercy of ravening armed groups. The continent, having been torn apart by colonial powers was fraught with ethnic and tribal divides. The war that lasted from has meant that 6. Here in the DRC, we have approximately eight million dead, a genocide. It is impossible to obtain dollars, which are backed by the most powerful government on earth, in exchange for francs, which are hardly backed by anything. There's no legal or governmental framework for a mining sector that can provide more than day wages, or that isn't dominated by thieves and warlords -- the result of ongoing conflict fed by a total absence of government authority, which is itself a result of conflict. Foreclosing on this scenario has meant pulling soldiers out of parts of Masisi, where the army's presence was once unusually strong.

But much of the best land is owned and cultivated by Hutu, who are relatively recent arrivals.

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The Origins of War in the DRC