Nietzsche truth and lies essay

We are grateful to the editor of that journal, Professor Donald Verene, for his permission to republish the translation. It copies human life, taking it for a good thing, and seems quite satisfied with it.

on truth and lies in a nonmoral sense cliff notes

First he universalizes all these impressions into less colorful, cooler concepts, so that he can entrust the guidance of his life and conduct to them.

Haussmann and included in the indispensable Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche public library. Is language the adequate expression of all realities?

on truth pdf

All that we actually know about these laws of nature is what we ourselves bring to them — time and space, and therefore relationships of succession and number. That is the first metaphor.

Unless he wants to settle for truth in the form of tautology, i.

nietzsche intellect

The "thing-in-itself" which would be pure, disinterested truth is also absolutely incomprehensible to the creator of language and not worth seeking.

Are they perhaps products of knowledge, of the sense for truth? But to conclude from a nerve stimulus to a cause outside ourselves is already the result of a false and unjustified application of the law of causality. As a "ratio- nal" being, he now puts his actions under the rule of abstractions; he no longer lets himself be carried away by sudden impressions, by intuitions; he first universalizes these impressions into less colorful, cooler concept's, in order to hitch the wagon of his life and actions to them.

Drawing on elements of the Greek mythology he studied in his university years, Nietzsche credits the intuitive man as the source of creativity which in turn allows for the establishment of civilization.

On truth and lying in an extra-moral sense pdf

But at the same time, because man, out of necessity and boredom, wants to live socially in the herd, he needs a peace agree- ment, and he tries to eliminate at least the crudest forms of the hel- ium omnium contra omnes [war of all against all]. A movable host of metaphors, metonymies, and anthropomorphisms: in short, a sum of human relations which have been poetically and rhetorically intensified, transferred, and embellished, and which, after long usage, seem to a people to be fixed, canonical, and binding. This creator only designates the relations of things to men, and for expressing these relations he lays hold of the boldest metaphors… It is this way with all of us concerning language; we believe that we know something about the things themselves when we speak of trees, colors, snow, and flowers; and yet we possess nothing but metaphors for things — metaphors which correspond in no way to the original entities… A word becomes a concept insofar as it simultaneously has to fit countless more or less similar cases — which means, purely and simply, cases which are never equal and thus altogether unequal. But the hardening and solidification of a met- aphor is not at all a guarantee of the necessity and exclusive justifi- cation of this metaphor. If only he could ever see himself perfectly, as if displayed in an illuminated showcase! It is utterly human, and only its owner and producer takes it with such pathos as if the whole world hinged upon it. The checking of the Greek texts was ably done by Fredericke Hohendahl. She threw away the key; and woe to the fateful curiosity that ever succeeded in peering through a crack out of the room of consciousness and down- ward, suddenly realizing that man is based on a lack of mercy, insa- tiable greed, murder, on the indifference that stems from ignorance, as it were clinging to a tiger's back in dreams. They experience inferiority not in terms of themselves but in terms of others If someone hides an object behind a bush, then seeks and finds it there, that seeking and finding is not very laudable: but that is the way it is with the seeking and finding of "truth" within the rational sphere. Only by forgetting that primitive metaphor-world, only by the hardening and rigidification of the mass of images that originally gushed forth as hot magma out of the primeval faculty of human fantasy, only by the invincible belief that this sun, this window, this table is a truth-in-itself, in short, only insofar as man forgets himself as a subject, indeed as an artistically creative subject, does he live with some calm, security, and consistency. People who say they are religious aren't really and those who say they have moved on haven't actually moved on. Therefore all these relations always refer again to others and are thoroughly incomprehensible to us in their essence. I mean, it is anthropomorphic through and through and contains not a single point that would be "true in itself," real, and universally valid, apart from man. Nothing in nature is so contemptible and insignificant that it would not imme- diately be swollen up like a balloon by the slightest touch of that power of knowledge; and just as every cargo-carrier wants to have his admirer, so too the proudest man of all, the philosopher, believes he sees the eyes of the universe focused telescopically from all direc- tions upon his- actions and thoughts.
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On Truth and Lies in an Extra